GSA Code of Conduct
This code provides responsibilities and guiding principles of conduct for all members of the Geological Society of
America (GSA). It is the mission of GSA to advance all fields in the geosciences, enhance the professional growth of
all members, and promote the geosciences in the service of humankind, and in fulfilling this mission, members have
professional obligations to their colleagues, students, clients, employers, and the public as well as to their
In support of these obligations, this Code aims to:
- further understanding in geosciences through open and honest communication of research;
- ensure appropriate accessibility of accurate and reliable geological information to educators, students,
employers, policy makers, and the public; and
- encourage effective education and training in all disciplines of the geosciences.
Statement of Responsibilities and Principles
Members of GSA are expected to adhere to the highest standards of conduct and to maintain personal and professional
integrity. GSA members should observe the following responsibilities and principles in the conduct of their
- The Sciences and Profession
Geoscientists should seek to advance all disciplines of the geosciences, understand the limitations of their
knowledge, and respect objectivity and truth in their professional endeavors. Geoscientists should ensure that
their scientific contributions, and those of their collaborators, are thorough, accurate, and unbiased in
design, implementation, and presentation. Where appropriate, geoscientists should remain current with
developments in their field, share ideas and information, keep accurate and complete laboratory records,
maintain integrity in all conduct and publications, and give due credit to the contributions of others.
Conflicts of interest and scientific misconduct, such as fabrication, falsification, omission/suppression of
results, and plagiarism, are incompatible with this Code.
- The Students and Colleagues
Geoscientists should mentor and encourage all students in a manner that is open-minded, objective, and
enthusiastic; promotes curiosity, and recognizes that education is a fundamental trust conferred by society for
the promotion of the student's learning and professional development. Geoscientists should treat associates with
respect, regardless of the level of their formal education, encourage them, learn with them, share ideas
honestly, and give credit for their contributions.
- The Employer and Employees
Geoscientists should promote and protect the legitimate interests of their employers, perform work honestly and
competently, fulfill obligations, and safeguard proprietary information. Geoscientists, as employers, should
treat subordinates with respect for their professionalism and concern for their well-being, and provide them
with a safe, congenial working environment, fair compensation, and proper acknowledgment of their scientific
- The Clients and End Users
Geoscientists accept uncertainty and integrate information with a unique perspective involving time, space, and
scale. Geoscientists should provide for, advise, and serve clients and end users in a manner that is honest,
objective, competent, dependable, honorable, respectful, and fair.
- The Public and Humankind
All geoscientists have a professional responsibility to serve the public interest and welfare and to further
knowledge of science for the benefit of humankind. Geoscientists should actively be concerned with the health
and welfare of humankind and effectively communicate knowledge about potential natural hazards to the public.
Public comments on scientific matters should be made with care and precision, without unsubstantiated,
exaggerated, or premature statements.
- The Environment and Natural Resources
Geoscientists should strive to communicate their knowledge to protect the environment and to provide appropriate
stewardship of natural resources. Geoscientists should also understand and anticipate the consequences of their
work on the environment and natural resources.
Principles of Conduct for Members:
In meeting these responsibilities, members will follow these guiding principles in conducting their professional
- Members will strive to communicate their knowledge of the geosciences to the public; to promote proper
stewardship of all natural resources in manner that is environmentally and economically responsible; to
effectively communicate their knowledge of natural hazards to the public; to apply their knowledge for the
enhancement of public policy and land-use planning; and to support educational opportunities for students, the
profession, and the public.
- Members will treat students respectfully and without exploitation.
- Members will strive to accurately represent
an understanding and knowledge of the geosciences, avoiding and discouraging the dissemination of erroneous,
biased, or exaggerated statements about the geosciences. Members will offer their professional advice and
guidance only on those subjects in which they are informed and qualified through professional training or
- Members will strive to cooperate with other researchers whenever possible and appropriate to assure rapid
interchange and dissemination of knowledge in the geosciences.
- In publications, members should strive to differentiate facts, opinions, and hypotheses.
- Members will not plagiarize in verbal or written communication, and will give full and proper credit to the
creativity, ideas, and efforts of colleagues and students. Members will not fabricate, falsify, or suppress
results, deliberately misrepresent research findings, or otherwise commit scientific fraud.
- Members will not attempt to injure the reputation or professional opportunities of another scientist by false,
biased, or undocumented claims. Members will not seek employment, grants, or gain by offers of gifts or favors,
or by any other malicious action.
- Members will undertake reasonable efforts to ensure inclusiveness and will not discriminate against others in
the course of their work on the basis of race, sex, creed, age, sexual orientation, national origin, religion,
and disability. Members will not practice or condone harassment in any form in any professional context.
- Members will not represent themselves as spokespersons for the Society without express authorization by the
President of GSA.